Carrier Oils 基礎油


What is carrier oil?

Carrier oils are non-volatile substances which are extracted from the fatty portion of a plant,usually from the seeds, kernels or the nuts.

Carrier oil, also known as base oil or vegetable oil, is the most commonly used medium to dilute essential oils and absolutes before they are applied to the skin in massage and aromatherapy. Due to their versatile nature, essential oils (except Lavender and Tea Tree) if used alone are very powerful. If applied to the skin undiluted, essential oils, absolutes and other concentrated aromatics can cause severe irritation or reactions in some individuals. So to make them safer to use, essential oils must be diluted in carrier oils. Also, carrier oils helps in fixing the aroma or smell of the essential oil, so that the smell doesn't evaporate quickly.



What are the uses of carrier oil?

They are so named because they carry the essential oil onto the skin. Carrier oils do not contain a concentrated aroma, unlike essential oils, though some, such as olive, have a mild distinctive smell. Neither do they evaporate like essential oils, which are more volatile.

The carrier oils used should be as natural and unadulterated as possible.Carrier oils are usually cold pressed that is they are extracted directly from plants without using heat, so that the vitamin content is retained. The other method of producing is maceration. Mineral oil should not be used as it is not absorbed by the skin.

During massage, diluting essential oils in carrier oils provides necessary lubrication so that hands can move freely over the skin. They carry essential oils onto the skin. Carrier oils are rich in vitamins, minerals and fatty acids. Some of them also help in improving the skin condition and therefore used in treatment of psoriasis and eczema.

There is a range of different carrier oils, each with a various therapeutic properties and characteristics. Choosing a carrier oil will depend on the area of body or type of skin being massaged, the presenting conditions, the sensitivity and requirements, and also the therapeutic benefit being sought.

For massage, viscosity is a major consideration; for example, grapeseed oil is typically very thin, while olive oil is much thicker. Sunflower, sweet almond and grapeseed oils have viscosities midway between these extremes. Carrier oils can be easily blended to combine their properties of viscosity, acceptability, lubrication, absorption, aroma and so forth.

Natural lotions, creams, body oils, bath oils, lip balms and other moisturizing skin care products are also made using vegetable (carrier) oils. From a simple essential oil/carrier oil blend to a more complex natural lotion, the choice of carrier oil can make a difference in the therapeutic properties, color, overall aroma and shelf life of the final product.

Like essential oils, carrier oils also play an important role in aromatherapy.  



How to choose?

Knowing how to choose the right carrier oil can be somewhat bewildering for newcomers to aromatherapy because specialist suppliers usually offer such a wide range. Very little is written about this subject in most aromatherapy books, so unless you enroll on a training course knowing how to select them can seem like a bit of a black art.
But actually, it is exactly the same as selecting an essential oil, - you just choose the carrier oil that contains the properties that you need for your particular requirements. Therefore, all you need to do is decide how and where you want to use them, and then look up the properties, actions and viscosity of carrier oils and the choice becomes really easy.


Body or face? 
For example, if you need a carrier oil for a simple body massage then Sweet Almond oil would be an ideal choice, but it would not necessarily be the very best carrier to use for a facial treatment.
Why? Because some carrier oils contain more of the essential fatty acids and vitamins which are needed to nourish to the skin and keep wrinkles at bay. Moringa and Jojoba contain large amounts of essential fatty acids and therefore make great facial oils, - but you would not use them alone for massage since they are little too heavy.


Mix and blend 
Carrier oils like unrefined Avocado and Wheatgerm are packed with nutrients too, but they are also too rich to use alone in massage and they also have a strong odour that some people do not like. But you can still use their therapeutic qualities in massage.
Simply dilute these heavier oils in a lighter carrier that has no fragrance such as Almond, Apricot or Peach oil at around 15% or 20%, and then you can enjoy all of their benefits in both body massage and revitalizing facial treatments too.
This same tip also applies to other richer and more costly oils such as Black Seed, Borage, Evening Primrose, and Rosehip. All of these vegetable oils are the very finest that you can use for intensive facial treatments, but it is usually better mix them with a lighter carrier if you want to use them in a body massage.


Amazing benefits
Carrier oils are often mistakenly thought to be of less importance than essential oils, but it would be foolish to think this. Typically, an aromatherapy treatment typically consists of 2% essential oil and 98% carrier oil, and in facial treatments that ratio falls to around 1% essential oil and 99% carrier! Think about that for a minute.
Carrier oils provide some amazing benefits for your skin - especially when a synergy is formed between the essential oils and the carrier. When blended correctly the results can be spectacular, softening wrinkles and bringing softness, suppleness and radiance to your skin.
To complete your massage or facial oil simply add 1 drop of pure essential oil to every 5mls of carrier oil that you use. If you are having a facial treatment, remember to avoid the delicate under-eye area and don't apply too much oil - a little goes a long way. Gently work the oil into the skin until it has all been absorbed, and your skin will be left feeling soft and silky smooth.


How to choose the best carrier oil for your skin type


Best Aromatherapy Carrier Oils for Skin:

[Oily, Acne-prone]: Grapeseed, Jojoba
[Dry, Aging, Damaged]: Sweet Almond, Avocado, Calendula, Jojoba, Olive, Rosehip
[Normal]: Sweet Almond, Apricot Kernel, Jojoba, Sunflower
[Sensitive]: Apricot Kernel, Avocado, Calendula, Grapeseed
[Eczema, Psoriasis]: Calendula, Sweet Almond, Avocado, Evening Primrose, Jojoba, Olive, Rosehip
[Scars, Stretch Marks]: Calendula, Jojoba, Rosehip


Best Aromatherapy Carrier Oils for Hair

[Dry, Damaged]: Coconut, Jojoba, Rosemary
[Dandruff]: Jojoba, Rosemary
[Hair Loss]: Jojoba, Rosemary



Important Notes


1. Storage of base oil is like essential oils, use of dark or amber glass to avoid sunlight and store in cool place.

2. Direct sunlight and high temperatures will affect the quality of base oils.

3. In general, before opening the base oil can be kept for two years or more. But once opened, it will result oxidation, and this the oil will be deteriorated.

4. Wheatgerm oil or vitamin E capsules can be added to delay the deterioration of the base oil.

5. Basically base oils have no aroma except some may have slightly nutty taste. It can be easily smelled when the oil is expired or turned rancid.

6. Storing the base oil (sealed) in the refrigerator can slow the oxidation.

7. Use caution when trying any new ingredient, including carrier oils on the skin or in the hair. Those with nut allergies should consult their medical practitioner before coming into contact with nut oils or other nut products. Do not take any oils internally without consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner.

8. The information provided is for educational purposes and guide only. All data is not considered complete and is not guaranteed to be accurate.









基礎油(carrier 或base oil) 也可稱為純植物油或按摩油或基底油或媒介油,因大多數的精油稀釋後才可直接使用在皮膚按摩芳香療法上,它便可作為稀釋精油的基材。因為純精油(除了薰衣草、茶樹)的刺激性十分強烈,直接擦在皮膚上,可能會造成傷害或導致嚴重的刺激一些人。因此,為了安全使用,精油在皮膚上使用前,一定要先稀釋。












您需要做的就是將這些厚重的基礎油稀釋成比較輕薄,而且沒有氣味,比如將甜杏仁油、杏核油或者桃核油稀釋成15% 或者 20%的濃度後,您就可以既在身體護理時使用,又可以在面部再生護理當中使用。




油性: 甜杏仁油、杏桃仁油、荷荷芭油
乾性: 酪梨油、小麥胚芽油  
老化: 小麥胚芽油  
皺紋: 酪梨油  


全身: 甜杏仁油、杏桃仁油  
臉部: 甜杏仁油、杏桃仁油、荷荷芭油 
局部: 小麥胚芽油、酪梨油  





1. 基礎油的儲存和精油一樣,使用不透光的玻璃瓶避光、避熱放置。

2. 直接的光照和高溫都會影響基礎油的質量。   

3. 通常,未開蓋的基礎油可以保存兩年以上。但一旦開封,空氣會因此進入而產生氧化作用,致使油變質。   

4. 延緩變質的手段可以在基礎油中加入麥胚油或維他命E膠囊。   

5. 基礎油基本上除了可能有輕微堅果味外幾乎沒有什麼味道。如果到期的基礎油含有一股明顯的氣味產生,可以輕易地聞到。

6. 通常可以將不用的基礎油放於冰箱內密封儲存,這樣可以緩慢其氧化作用。

7. 嘗試任何新的成分時要小心使用,包括用基礎油在皮膚或毛髮上。那些身體有過敏者,應諮詢醫生才接觸到堅果油或其他堅果類的產品。在沒有諮詢合格的芳香療法師之前,不應該內服任何油。

8. 所有在本網站提供的信息純粹是用於教育目的,作為參考。所以有些部分並不完整,不保證絕對的準確性。